Article name Construction Industry in the Eastern Regions of Russia: Main Development Trends
Authors Gurova O.N. candidate of geographical sciences,
Bibliographic description Gurova O. N. Construction industry in the Eastern regions of Russia: main development trends // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2023. Vol. 29, no. 3. Р. 100–114. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2023-29-3-100-114.
Category Economy
DOI 330.3
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2023-29-3-100-114
Article type Original article
Annotation The construction industry is one of the key industries and indicators of the economy. Housing construction in particular is an important component of socio-economic development. The purpose of the study is to identify the main trends in the construction industry of the eastern regions of Russia. To achieve the goal, the methodology of economic and statistical analysis is used based on Rosstat data, characterizing the main indicators of the construction industry (the number of construction organizations, their forms of ownership, the volume of housing construction, employment in the construction industry, the amount of work performed by the type of activity “Construction”, the volume of tax revenues from the construction industry). An important indicator of assessing the work of the construction industry as a whole, in addition to the volume of housing commissioning, is the volume of construction of socially significant facilities. This analysis, as well as the construction of socially significant facilities, is given for the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District and the Baikal Region in dynamics from 2010 to 2019. The socially significant objects, healthcare, education, cultural and leisure type institutions are considered, their number and commissioning. The study has been conducted using comparative analysis and the correlation method, the source of information is official statistics. The construction complex in the eastern regions of Russia in 2019 united 19794 active construction organizations. Compared to 2010, their number has increased by 8549 units. In recent years (compared to 1990), the eastern regions have been characterized by a reduction in the volume of housing construction. The regions with low indicators of the construction industry development are the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, the Jewish Autonomous Region, the Transbaikal Territory, the leaders are the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the Irkutsk Region.
Key words construction industry, housing construction, socially significant objects, investments, correlation analysis, tax receipts, employment of population, social infrastructure, Far East, Baikal region
Article information
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