Article name Mineralogical and Geochemical Features of the Gold-Containing Ores of the Pakrut Deposit (Central Tajikistan) As the Basis of Gravity Enrichment
Authors Kholov K.I. Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher,
Niyozov A.S. Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Mining and Technical Management department,
Juraqulov S.R. Applicant for Scientific Degree,
Samikhov S.R. Doctor of Technical Sciences, Leading Researcher,
Bibliographic description Kholov Kh. I., Niyozov A. S., Juraqulov Sh. R., Samikhov Sh. R. Mineralogical and Geochemical Features of the Gold-Containing Ores of the Pakrut Deposit (Central Tajikistan) as the Basis of Gravity Enrichment // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2024. Vol. 30, no. 2. P. 82–92. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-2-82-92.
Category Subsoil Use, Mining Sciences
DOI 54.06:669.213.1
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-2-82-92
Article type
Annotation The mining sector, in particular gold mining, plays an important role in the economy of Tajikistan. Today, the issue of optimizing gold mining mechanisms, increasing its efficiency and expanding the resource base is of topical importance. The depletion of easily accessible gold deposits is stimulating the development of methods for extracting gold from refractory and low-grade ores. One of the promising methods of pre-treatment of such ores is gravity enrichment. The aim of the study is to characterize the Pakrut gold deposit, to determine its mineralogical and chemical composition, and to develop an optimal gravity enrichment scheme for gold recovery. Research objectives are as follows: to study the mineralogical composition and geochemical characteristics of gold-bearing ores, and then to develop a technique for their gravitational enrichment. The object of the study is the gold-bearing ores of the Pakrut deposit (Central Tajikistan). Materials and methods of research: analytical work and enrichment in laboratory conditions were carried out in the chemical laboratory of the Pakrut Joint Venture, the ore enrichment laboratory of the V. I. Nikitin Institute of Chemistry of NANT, the Central Committee of the Main Geological Directorate under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan. It is found that gold in the Pakrut ores is mainly represented by native gold and electrum. The main gold-bearing minerals are pyrite, arsenopyrite, sphalerite, galena, jamesonite and some vein minerals. The gold content in the ore is about 6 g/t. The granulometric composition of gold is extremely uneven. Most of the gold particles are less than 10 μm in size and are coated with gold-bearing minerals, which hindered their release during grinding. In accordance with the characteristics of the gold deposit, gravity enrichment method has been used to extract the liberated coarse gold. Studies have shown that the gravity separation process is used for the primary processing of ore to recover coarse gold particles. The gold content and recovery in the gravity separation concentrates are 46.58 g/t and 44.59 %, respectively.
Key words Tajikistan, Pakrut gold deposit, electrum, pyrite, arsenopyrite, mineralogy, geochemistry, grinding, shaking table, extraction, gravity enrichment
Article information
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Full articleMineralogical and Geochemical Features of the Gold-Containing Ores of the Pakrut Deposit (Central Tajikistan) As the Basis of Gravity Enrichment