Article name The Content of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Street Dust of the Coal Mining Region of Southern Kuzbass
Authors Osipova N.A. Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering,
Talovskaya A.V. Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering,
Yazikov E.G. Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the School of Earth Sciences and Engineering,
Azarova S.V. Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering,
Kutishchev A.S. Postgraduate,
Novikov S.A. Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Electrical Power and Electrical Engineering Department, School of Electrical Power Engineering,
Bibliographic description Osipova N. A., Talovskaya A. V., Yazikov E. G., Azarova S. V., Kutischev A. S., Novikov S. A.The Content of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Street Dust of the Coal Mining Region of Southern Kuzbass // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2024. Vol. 30, no. 2. P. 21–35. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-2-21-35.
Category Earth and Environmental Sciences
DOI 91:547.6:628.511.134(571.17)
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-2-21-35
Article type Original article
Annotation The relevance of the research is caused by the need to evaluate the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) formed during coal combustion. The object of the study is street dust of Mezhdurechensk (Kemerovo region). The purpose of the work is to assess the level of accumulation of the polyarenes. The subject is the determination of the 14 polyarenes content. Methodology and methods are as follows: the samples are selected according to the standard methodology of the areal network. The analysis has been carried out by chromatography-mass spectrometry. The following results are obtained: The average total PAH content is 2 148±364 mkg/kg, a maximum value is 4 011 mkg/kg and a minimum – 401 mkg/kg. The content of heavy PAHs (1 432±163 mkg/kg) is twice as high as the content of light PAHs (716±202 mkg/kg) and the percentage of benz(a)pyrene is 17,0–33,8 %, which is typical for territories where fuel is burned. The distribution of PAHs by granulometric fractions has showed the fairly uniform accumulation of PAHs in small (50–20 microns) and medium (100–50 microns) fractions and their predominance compared with large (1 000–100 microns) fractions: 43,5, 37,22, 19,63 % accordingly. The amount of PAHs expressed in equivalents of the most dangerous carcinogen benz(a)pyrene is 570±140 mkg/kg, and exceeded the MPC (20 mkg/kg) by an average of 28,5 times. The contribution of benz(a)pyrene to the total toxicity is 91 %. The authors conclude that the main sources of PAHs are their emission during coal combustion, their direct presence in coals, and to a lesser extent – the loss of petroleum products during transport.
Key words polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, street dust, fractional composition of dust, Southern Kuzbass, coal mining and coal energy, toxicity, indicator ratios, benz(a)pyrene, gorenje fossil fuels, pyrogenic sources
Article information
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