Article
Article name Technological Innovations and Artificial Intelligence Implementation in Global Economic Processes Development: Experience of BRICS Countries
Authors Pitukhina M.A. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, maria.pitukhina@gmail.com
Gurtov V.A. Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Director, Center for Budget Monitoring, vgurt@petrsu.ru
Belykh A.D. Junior Researcher, Regional Economic Policy Department, anastasiya.belykh098@gmail.com
Bibliographic description Pitukhina M. A., Gurtov V. A., Belykh A. D. Technological Innovations and Artificial Intelligence Implementation in Global Economic Processes Development: Experience of BRICS Countries // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2024. Vol. 30, no. 1. P. 119–129. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-1-119-129.
Category Economy
DOI 339
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-1-119-129
Article type Original article
Annotation The aim of the study is to analyze technological innovation in the field of artificial intelligence in the global economy with a focus on the experience of the BRICS countries. In the course of the study, the authors set the following objectives: to assess the impact of AI implementation on the economic and social growth of these countries; the positions of the BRICS countries in the world rankings in the field of artificial intelligence (Global AI Index and Stanford AI Index); and the participation of the BRICS countries in the application of generative AI. The results of the study have allowed to assess the impact of technological innovation and application of artificial intelligence on the economic and social growth of the BRICS countries as positive, especially on China, which has realized significant progress in the field of artificial intelligence over the past 10 years, as well as on India’s breakthrough over the past 2 years in the use of generative AI. China, based on sound long-term strategic planning and large financial injections, is already breaking into a leading position in the world 5 years after adopting the fundamental “Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan” in 2017. In 2021, Chinese researchers ranked first in the world in terms of cited publications in Q1 peer-reviewed scientific journals (top 25 % of journals). Chinese tech giants are recording a sharp rise in AI publications in 2022, outpacing university researchers on the index. Since 2021, India has significantly increased its position in the leading AI ratings and is becoming a world leader in the application of generative AI. The analysis of the level of development of AI technologies in the BRICS countries conducted within the framework of this article shows that, having all the necessary resources for the successful implementation of AI technologies, in the near future the BRICS countries are planning to apply AI technologies on a larger scale in medicine, education, finance and agriculture, which will significantly improve the economic performance of the state.
Key words technological innovations, artificial intelligence, BRICS, global economic processes, transformation of the world economy, AI specialists, training, world rankings, international cooperation, scientific and technical sphere
Article information
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