Article
Article name Exogenous Processes of Formation of the Modern Geoecological Situation in the Belgorod Region
Authors Krasnikov R.V. Postgraduate, rvk.doc@mail.ru
Khrisanov V.A. Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor, khrisanov@bsu.edu.ru
Sarychev A.. ,
Arkhiptsev I.N. Candidate of Law Sciences, Associate Professoк, ArhiptsevIN@yandex.ru
Bibliographic description Krasnikov R. V., Khrisanov V. A., Sarychev A. V., Arkhiptsev I. N. Exogenous Processes of Formation of the Modern Geoecological Situation in the Belgorod Region // Bulletin of the Transbaikal State University. 2024. Vol. 30, no. 1. P. 40–49. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-1-40-49.
Category Earth and Environmental Sciences
DOI 551.435.8
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-1-40-49
Article type Original article
Annotation According to the “Fundamentals of state policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030”, it is the anthropogenic factor that has a greater impact on the environmental situation in our country. In such conditions, the risk of dangerous geological processes increases significantly. The authors found that exogenous geological processes in combination with anthropogenic factors make a significant negative contribution to the ecological situation in the region. The object of the study is exogenous geological processes occurring on the territory of the Belgorod region. The subject of the study is exogenous geological processes, anthropogenic processes, and their contribution to the current state of the ecological situation in the Belgorod region. The purpose and objectives of the study are as follows: to study the characteristics and patterns of development of exogenous geological processes in the Belgorod region; methods and technologies for the rapid detection and prediction of the occurrence of exogenous geological processes, as well as preventive measures to reduce them in the region are developed. The authors have come to the following conclusions: On the territory of the region, the development of erosive, landslide, karst, Aeolian and suffusion processes has a significant impact on the environmental situation, the manifestation of which is primarily due to the geological structure of its parts, physical and geographical conditions, the deve­lopment and condition of the mining industry and agriculture. The dominant exogenous geological process that makes the greatest contribution to the formation of the ecological situation of the Belgorod region is linear erosion. The degree of damage to the territory of the region by erosion processes is quite high. Intensive erosion dismemberment is one of the main indicators of the unfavorable ecological and geomorphological condition of the territory. The influence of the anthropogenic factor on exogenous processes is expressed, first of all, in environmental pollution, landscape transformation and changes in the hydrological regime. The possibility of neutralizing exogenous geological processes in order to ensure the safety of the population of the Belgorod region should be justified by knowledge of the engineering and geomorphological conditions of the territory. To do this, it is necessary to create a strict modern system for monitoring exogenous geological processes, which will reduce the risks associated with them, more accurately predict their occurrence and obtain more reliable data. The solution of this problem is possible within the framework of the regional monitoring center for exogenous geological processes.
Key words exogenous processes, Belgorod region, natural and anthropogenic factors of the development of exogenous geological processes, erosion, landslides, karst, suffusion, Aeolian processes, anthropogenic processes, monitoring of exogenous geological processes
Article information
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