Article
Article name Analysis of the Network’ Structure of the Protected Areas of Сity Districts Using the Example of the Far Eastern Federal District
Authors Debelaya I.D. Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Senior Researcher, debelaya@rambler.ru
Morozova G.Y. Candidate of Biological Sciences, Leading Researcher, morozova-ivep@mail.ru
Bibliographic description Debelaya I. D., Morozova G. Yu. Analysis of the Network’ Structure of the Protected Areas of Сity Districts Using the Example of the Far Eastern Federal District // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2024. Vol. 30, no. 1. P. 18–27. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-1-18-27.
Category Earth and Environmental Sciences
DOI 502.15 (571.6)
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2024-30-1-18-27
Article type Original article
Annotation The activation of socio-economic development of the Far Eastern Federal District has aroused interest around Russian and foreign practices for improving the quality of life of city residents, particularly in developing a network of protected areas (PA). The study’s goal is to analyze the structure of the network of protected areas in 11 Сity Districts including the administrative centers of the constituent entities that are of the part of the Far Eastern Federal District is presented. Research objectives: determination of the structure’s elements of the urban protected areas network; identification of quantitative and qualitative indicators characterizing the key elements of the PA network; conducting a comparative analysis in City Districts according to the degree of activation of the progress of forming a PA network. The work was carried out using the comparative geographical research method. Regulatory documents, statistical materials, cadastral information and target programs were analyzed. Networks of urban PA include three components: PA of federal, regional and municipal levels; ecological corridors, buffer zones. Yakutsk, Vladivostok and Blagoveshchensk lead in terms of the PA total area, which is due to the large area of these municipalities. Out of the 11 City Districts studied, 9 have organized protected areas of different levels of management and 14 categories. But protected areas of federal, regional, and municipal significance were developed in only two – “Yakutsk City” and “Blagoveshchensk City District”. It was established that PA of 14 categories were organized in 9 City Districts. The specificity of urban protected natural sites is reflected in the establishment of categories of PA with significant areas of wild nature as a calm zone, a resource reserve, a protected coastline, and a protected natural landscape. The network of PA in most City Districts is underdeveloped. The exceptions are “Blagoveshchensk City District”, “Vladivostok City District” and “YakutskCity”, where the indicator “share of protected areas from the total area of the City District” is 44,3, 29,5 and 25,7 % respectively. The picture of the formation of a PA network in City Districts of the Far Eastern Federal District is presented. The characteristics of PA were determined by natural factors, settlement and economic development practices, institutional changes, the realities of regional development of urban planning cases taking into account the environmental component. The research findings serve as an information basis for creating scenarios for the strategic development of City Districts including the environmental component that permeates the entire city fabric.
Key words geoecology, scientific basis for the rational use of land resources, environmental protection, sustainable development, city district, environmental planning, protected areas, network of protected areas, categories of protected areas, environmental planning, municipal management
Article information
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