||Russia’s Approaches to Resolving the Nuclear Crisis in North Korea: Experience and Problems
||Afinogenov D.A. doctor of political sciences, professor, firstname.lastname@example.orgKrasikov V.V. postgraduate, email@example.com
||Afinogenov D. A., Krasikov V. V. Russia’s Approaches to Resolving the Nuclear Crisis in North Korea: Experience and Problems // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2023. Vol. 29, no. 3. P. 187–195. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2023-29-3-187-195.
||The article examines the evolution of the Russian Federation approaches to the
solution of the most sensitive Korean issue – the nuclear program of the Democratic
People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). The relevance is due to the unresolved nature
of this acute problem, which affects the security of the Far Eastern borders of Russia.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the diplomatic approaches of the Russian
Federation to the resolution of the nuclear crisis in Korea. The authors emphasize
that recently the aggressive policy with the United States and its allies in the Far East
has sharply intensified, but also nuclear rhetoric has intensified in the world, including
in Asia (Japan and South Korea have declared their desire to have a nuclear weapons). Consequently the possibility of nuclear expansion of countries with nuclear
weapons has increased. Not the last place in this series is occupied by North Korea,
which nuclear problem has been haunting not only neighboring states, but also many countries of the world, including the great powers – the United States, China and
Russia for decades. In this context, the North Korean nuclear problem, which sooner
or later needs to be addressed, is being updated. The problem is neglected and intractable. Rapid changes in regional and global politics and in international relations,
including in Asia, dictate the need to rethink the previous, sometimes unsuccessful
approaches, including those from Russia, to the solution of the Korean nuclear crisis.
In modern conditions, drawing lessons from its former Korean policy, Russian diplomacy should show more firmness in resolving this complex and neglected problem.
Considering the topic of Korea as peripheral and “frozen”, Beijing has for many years
reoriented away from it towards the development of alternative formats of multilateral
cooperation and institutions of cooperation, primarily with the states of Southeast
Asia, Central Asia – the SCO and CICA and others. The formation of Eastern NATO
in Northeast Asia necessitated Beijing to somewhat reconsider its attitude towards
North Koreaand its policy.
||North Korea, North Korean nuclear issue, Russia, China, Russian foreign policy, approaches to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, East Asian region, six-party talks, guarantees security
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