Article name Comparative Analysis of the Human Capital Development in Agriculture in Russia and Abroad
Authors Glotko A.V. doctor of economic sciences, professor,
Kuznetsova I.. ,
Shelkovnikov S.. ,
Bibliographic description Glotko A. V., Kuznetsova I. G., Shelkovnikov S. A. Comparative analysis of the human capital development in agriculture in Russia and abroad // Transbaikal State University Journal. 2023. Vol. 29, no. 3. P. 125– 132. DOI: 10.2109/2227-9245-2023-29-3-125-132.
Category Economy
DOI 338.43.02
DOI 10.2109/2227-9245-2023-29-3-125-132
Article type Original article
Annotation The article is devoted to the consideration of theoretical issues and methodological recommendations development for the management of human capital of workers of pre-retirement age. The purpose of the research is theoretical questions and methodological recommendations on human capital management. The object of the study is the processes that determine the directions and ensure the efficiency of the use of human capital. The following research methods are used: monographic, abstract- logical, sociological, computational-constructive. The system of human capital quality indicators, principles of human capital management strategy are considered. The analysis of human capital development in Russia in comparison with Western countries is given. The main distinguishing feature of Russia from Western countries is the unwillingness of citizens to independently co-finance their pensions. Using the example of foreign countries, it can be concluded that much attention is paid to the older generation; their rights are protected by legislation. The authorities are focused on the welfare and maintenance of this age category. They understand that this is a very important category of society in the economic life of the state. The labor market is subjected to changes due to the growing number of new technologies. Based on these requirements, the category of people, who are most strongly influenced by changes in innovative technologies and other improvements in the growth of economic activity of the state is paid attention to. Having analyzed the concept of “human capital” and the capital management system at the regional level, it can be concluded that uneven development of regions entails uneven use and management of human capital. The extent to which human capital is developed depends on how rich the region is. The article discusses the general criteria for assessing human capital in Russia, and also identifies people of pre-retirement age and pensioners in a separate category of human capital. The scope of the results obtained are as follows: labor economics and the development of the concept of human capital management of workers of pre-retirement age.
Key words human capital, pre-retirement age, reformation, labor potential, qualification, digitalization, scientific and technological progress, , soft skills, hard skills
Article information
References 1. Aletdinova A. A., Nagel T. A., Kovalenko A. G. Do organizations need the creative potential of employees? Bulletin of the Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation, no. 3, pp. 73–80, 2022. (In Rus.). 2. Kuznetsova I. G., Glotko A. V., Shelkovnikov S. A., Klyueva I. S. Directions of regional policy to improve the standard of living of the population (on the example of the Altai Republic). Bulletin of the Transbaikal State University, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 94–102, 2021. (In Rus.). 3. Golovin S. G. Improving the education system as a condition for the formation of human capital in rural areas. Actual problems of science and education in the context of modern challenges: collection of materials of the VIII International Scientific and Practical Conference. Moscow: IROK, 2022. (In Rus.). 4. Ischuk A. S. The history of the concept of “human capital” and modern approaches to the definition of its structure. Young scientist, no. 12, pp. 81–84, 2018. (In Rus.). 5. Karpov D. M. Modern pension and health insurance systems in Japan. International economy, no. 12, pp. 66–73, 2020. (In Rus.). 6. Kirillina A. V. Pension system in Germany and in Russia: what is common and different. Problems and achievements of modern science, no. 1, pp. 65–66, 2020. (In Rus.). 7. Kostyrin E. V. Study of pension provision in China and Russia based on the SWOT analysis methodology. Economics and entrepreneurship, no. 9, pp. 210–217, 2021. (In Rus.). 8. Kravchenko E. V. Features of corporate pension insurance in Russia and abroad. Labor economics, no. 3, pp. 1204, 2019. (In Rus.). 9. Kuznetsova I. G., Shelkovnikov S. A. Conceptual and methodological foundations of human capital formation in the conditions of transition to digital agriculture. Bulletin of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 110–123, 2022. (In Rus.). 10. Kuznetsova I. G., Shelkovnikov S. A. Evolution of competencies in the transition to a new technological order. Economics of agriculture of Russia, no. 7, pp. 40–45, 2022. (In Rus.). 11. Kulakov A. V. Program-target management of state expenditures for the development of the pension system of Russia. Self-government, no. 3, pp. 253–256, 2020. (In Rus.). 12. Morozov A. A. Business in the development of human capital: the history of concepts and an example of practices. Economics and entrepreneurship, no. 1, pp. 546–549, 2018. (In Rus.). 13. Pensions in China: who gets paid and how much. Web. 21.02.2023. komu-platyat-i-skolko.html. (In Rus.). 14. Pension in Japan. Web. 21.02.2023. (In Rus.). 15. Ryzhova A. A. Pension system of Great Britain. Russian Law online, no. 4, pp. 74–80, 2020. (In Rus.). 16. Simonyan G. A., Rau I. V. Human (humanitarian) capital and creativity: a brief overview of the history of the transformation of the concept in economic theory. Modern scientific thought, no. 3, pp. 168–175, 2018. (In Rus.). 17. Filina M. A. Modern pension system of Russia: challenges, trends, prospects. Economics and entrepreneurship, no. 10, pp. 231–233, 2021. (In Rus.). 18. Chvanova O. V. Actual issues of the pension system of Russia. Young scientist, no. 42, pp. 258–260, 2020. (In Rus.). 19. Zaretsky A. D., Klescheva Yu. S. The knowledge economy and human capital as an object of the quality of life. Management new challenges: XX Międzynarodowe sympozjum naukowe. Lublin: Politechnika Lubelska, 2012. Web. 21.02.2023. (In Eng.). 20. Ruggeri L. C., Saith R., Stewart F. Does it matter that we don’t agree on the definition of poverty? A comparison of four approaches. Web. 21.02.2023. htm#cananyone. (In Eng.).
Full articleComparative Analysis of the Human Capital Development in Agriculture in Russia and Abroad