||The article is devoted to the consideration of theoretical issues and methodological
recommendations development for the management of human capital of workers
of pre-retirement age. The purpose of the research is theoretical questions and
methodological recommendations on human capital management. The object of the
study is the processes that determine the directions and ensure the efficiency of the
use of human capital. The following research methods are used: monographic, abstract-
logical, sociological, computational-constructive. The system of human capital
quality indicators, principles of human capital management strategy are considered.
The analysis of human capital development in Russia in comparison with Western
countries is given. The main distinguishing feature of Russia from Western countries
is the unwillingness of citizens to independently co-finance their pensions. Using the
example of foreign countries, it can be concluded that much attention is paid to the
older generation; their rights are protected by legislation. The authorities are focused
on the welfare and maintenance of this age category. They understand that this is a
very important category of society in the economic life of the state. The labor market
is subjected to changes due to the growing number of new technologies. Based on
these requirements, the category of people, who are most strongly influenced by
changes in innovative technologies and other improvements in the growth of economic
activity of the state is paid attention to. Having analyzed the concept of “human
capital” and the capital management system at the regional level, it can be concluded
that uneven development of regions entails uneven use and management of human
capital. The extent to which human capital is developed depends on how rich the
region is. The article discusses the general criteria for assessing human capital in
Russia, and also identifies people of pre-retirement age and pensioners in a separate
category of human capital. The scope of the results obtained are as follows: labor
economics and the development of the concept of human capital management of
workers of pre-retirement age.
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